Paraphrasing allows you to summarize and synthesize information from one or more sources, focus on significant information, and compare and contrast relevant details. Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time, rather than directly quoting the sources; student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting.
When you paraphrase, cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 8. This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. Although it is not required to provide a page or paragraph number in the citation, you may include one in addition to the author and year when it would help interested readers locate the relevant passage within a long or complex work e. These guidelines pertain to when you read a primary source and paraphrase it yourself.
If you read a paraphrase of a primary source in a published work and want to cite that source, it is best to read and cite the primary source directly if possible; if not, use a secondary source citation.
A paraphrase may continue for several sentences. In such cases, cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited, it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased. Velez et al.APA - Paraphrasing
However, self-esteem, person—organization fit, and perceived organizational support mediated these effects. Additionally, stronger womanist attitudes—which acknowledge the unique challenges faced by women of color in a sexist and racist society—weakened the association of workplace discrimination with psychological distress. These findings underscore the importance of considering multiple forms of workplace discrimination in clinical practice and research with women of color, along with efforts to challenge and reduce such discrimination.
If the paraphrase continues into a new paragraph, reintroduce the citation. If the paraphrase incorporates multiple sources or switches among sources, repeat the citation so the source is clear.How to write nuclear equations
Read your sentences carefully to ensure you have cited sources appropriately. Play therapists can experience many symptoms of impaired wellness, including emotional exhaustion or reduced ability to empathize with others Elwood et al.
Long Paraphrases A paraphrase may continue for several sentences.It is a set of rules for publications, including research papers. In APA, you must "cite" sources that you have paraphrased, quoted or otherwise used to write your research paper. Cite your sources in two places:.
Items can be tracked down online using their doi. In-Text Citation : A brief note at the point where information is used from a source to indicate where the information came from. An in-text citation should always match more detailed information that is available in the Reference List.
Paraphrasing : Taking information that you have read and putting it into your own words.Gun control persuasive essay titles
Plagiarism : Taking, using, and passing off as your own, the ideas or words of another. Quoting : The copying of words of text originally published elsewhere. Direct quotations generally appear in quotation marks and end with a citation.
Retrieval Date : Used for websites where content is likely to change over time e. Wikisthe retrieval date refers to the date you last visited the website. Stop by the library and speak with a Librarian, or use the chat box below to chat live with a Librarian. For information please contact lcc senecacollege. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older.
This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Welcome How Do I Cite? What is APA? Cite your sources in two places: In the body of your paper where you add a brief in-text citation.
In the Reference list at the end of your paper where you give more complete information for the source. Headers - No running headers are required for student papers. Tables and Figures - There is a standardized format for both tables and figures. Use only one space after a sentence-ending period. Three or more authors can be abbreviated to First author, et al.
Up to 20 authors are spelled out in the References List. Publisher location is not required for books Ebook platform, format, or device is not required for eBooks. Library database names are generally not required Hyperlinks - No "doi:" prefix, simply include the doi.
Commonly Used Terms Citing : The process of acknowledging the sources of your information and ideas. Reference : Details about one cited source. Do You Need Citation Help?
Paraphrasing in APA
Chat Help Chat loading Note: When copying this guide, please retain this box. Subjects: Citing Your Sources. Tags: APA.Whenever you are writing a paper and referencing an idea from one of your sources, it is necessary to provide a reference showing where you drew your information from.
This is true not only for directly quoting your sources but also for paraphrasing them -- expressing their ideas in your words.Columbia university undergraduate courses nj schedule
American Psychological Association APA style provides a simple guideline for how to note your paraphrases in text. Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source, include an in-text citation. This is a parenthetical including the name of the source's author s and the year the source is written.
For example, consider this sentence paraphrasing and citing an author's description of medieval helmets:. You can also include the page number on which the paraphrased information appears in the source. While this is not required in APA style, it is encouraged:.Pay to do ecology thesis statement
While ideas of pollution can complement moral rules, they do not have the same unambiguous fixed structure Douglas,p. If you note the date or author of a work in a paraphrased sentence, you do not need to include that information in your in-text citation.
For example. Borges' description of the Naga derives from that in the Mahabharataa figure noted for forcing its affections on Arjunap. Jon Zamboni began writing professionally in He has previously written for The Spiritual Herald, an urban health care and religious issues newspaper based in New York City, and online music magazine eBurban. Zamboni has a Bachelor of Arts in religious studies from Wesleyan University. Jon Zamboni Updated April 17, About the Author.
Photo Credits.Charges of plagiarism can be avoided by including the proper citation of the work you are drawing from in your paraphrase. The red glass of a stained glass window is red because it transmits red light and absorbs other wavelengths. Paraphrase: Pender explains that through subtractive processhumans see the color of objects based on the wavelengths of light that are absorbed by each object Pender,p.
Note: The paraphrase maintains the ideas of the original passage while expressing the message in a new voice. The original author is also cited properly.
When summarizing a passage or work from another writer, briefly outline in your own original words the major ideas presented in the source material. As brevity is the key feature of a summary, it is essential to express the main concepts of the original passage in as concise a manner as possible. Consider using a summary—rather than a short or block quotation—when preserving the original wording of the source material is not necessary for the reader to understand the ideas under discussion.
When camping in Colorado, hikers believe they see the horizon as dotted with snow-covered mountaintops. When laying on the beach in North Carolina, sunbathers believe they see pelicans flying above the breaking waves. And these people would nearly always be right. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine not believing that the sights and sounds delivered to conscious awareness by perceptual systems are accurate renderings of the outside world. Summary: In Social Psychology of Visual PerceptionBalcetis argues that because humans rely on the sensory information received from their body, they form preconceived beliefs about their surroundings that manifest as imaginary visual occurrences p.
Note: The summary maintains the ideas of the original passage while concisely expressing its main concepts. Use a semicolon to separate each work from the next one.
Digital colour in graphic design. Social psychology of visual perception. Coral Springs, FL: Merit. Dear Past Authors Contribute Feedback. How should a paraphrased passage be cited?
How should a summarized passage or work be cited?Paraphrasing is the art of putting information into your own words while writing a research paper, in order to maintain the academic integrity of your project.
This is important because you need to use solid evidence as a researcher, but you need to put information into the proper format to avoid plagiarism. The American Psychological Association APA created a writing style in that calls for uniformity and consistency in giving credit to sources in your research.
How to Cite a Paraphrase in APA Format
If you do not properly paraphrase your source material following the APA style, you are at the risk of losing credibility as a writer and possibly plagiarizing. Although paraphrasing is not difficult, it does take time and a little forethought to do it correctly. There are several steps you should follow in order to achieve success. The first step in creating an effective paraphrase is to carefully read the original source. Read it the first time to get the overall understanding, and then do a second closer reading in order to gather details and material that will help you formulate your argument.
After reading the original source and determining what details can help you formulate your argument, take a minute to jot down some notes.
Be careful to put everything into your own words.
APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Welcome
Change the structure of the sentence as well as the vocabulary. Also, take a moment to take notes on the context of the source. Why was it written? Who wrote it? When was it written? In order to construct a paraphrase, you need to include the same information, but with different sentence structure and different vocabulary. APA rules say that a paraphrase should be approximately the same length as the original. Although an extra step, it is always a good idea to read through the original source one more time to make sure that you have chosen different words and varied the sentence structure.
This is a good time to add the APA requirements of author and year of the source so that you have it handy. Even though you are putting a paraphrase into your own words, APA requires an in-text citation for paraphrasing. You can create a parenthetical citation or a narrative citation to accomplish this. For a parenthetical citation, write your paraphrase and then add the author and year in parenthesis at the end. Use a comma between the author and the year inside the parenthesis, and put the period for the end of the sentence outside the parenthesis.
Key, My parents traveled from Italy to Germany and then France.Brad is a frequent guest speaker at industry events and conferences around the world and has been cited in Ad Age, Business Week, and The Wall Street Journal, among many other publications.
Prior to joining Google, Brad held multiple leadership positions at DoubleClick in both the US and Europe. Most recently, he was their Vice President of Product Management responsible for the optimization suite of products used by many leading publishers, agencies, and marketers worldwide. Brad is an inventor of several patents in the areas of data and privacy.
He currently lives in Palo Alto with his wife, twin daughters, and their dog. Henry Blodget is cofounder, CEO, and editor-in-chief of Business Insider, one of the most-read business and tech news sites in the world.
Citing Paraphrases and Summaries (APA)
Business Insider is majority owned by Axel Springer, the leading digital publisher in Europe. The site has 80-plus million visitors a month worldwide. A former top-ranked Wall Street analyst, Henry is often a guest on CNBC, CNN, MSNBC, NPR, and other networks. He has contributed to The Atlantic, Slate, The New York Times, Fortune, New York, the Financial Times, and other publications.
During the dot-com boom of the late 1990s, Henry was a top-ranked Wall Street internet analyst. He was later keelhauled by then-Attorney General Eliot Spitzer over conflicts of interest between the research and banking divisions of brokerage firms. He has led the company as CEO since October 2013 and was appointed Chairman in December 2016. Early in his tenure, Carrigan introduced and implemented a new global strategy that set the company on a path to long-term sustainable growth.
Under his leadership, IDG transformed from a print publisher to a leading digital media company and the worldwide leader in the technology event and media space.Ways to begin an essay
Before becoming CEO in 2008, he held senior leadership roles of increasing responsibility at IDG, including President and CEO for its business units in the U.
He also spent four years of his career at America Online, Inc. In early 2017, Bob was appointed by President Obama to serve on the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC). Carrigan currently serves as a member of the Board of Directors of IDG. Seth Dallaire is the Vice President of Global Advertising Sales and Marketing at the Amazon Media Group (AMG).
He is responsible for growing the advertising business across Amazon. He was promoted from leading the North American Advertising Sales business at AMG in October 2014.And I had to trouble the staff on duty to assist me. And I had to trouble the staff on duty to assist me.
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