In the architecture world, there are a handful of persistent debates that arise time and time again: the challenges of being a woman in the field of architecture is one of them, for example; the problems of a culture of long hours and hard work is another. But one of the most enduring arguments in architecture - especially in the academic sphere - is the battle between hand drawing and computer aided design. Both schools have their famous proponents: Michael Gravesfor example, was known as a huge talent with a pencil and paper, and came to the defense of drawing in articles for the New York Timesamong others.
Patrik Schumacheron the other hand, is famous for his commitment to the capabilities of the computer. To advance this heated conversation, two weeks ago we reached out to our readers to provide their thoughts on this topic in an attempt to get a broad cross-section of opinions from architects from all walks of life. Read some of the best responses after the break.
It is worth noting, however, that almost nobody who expressed this opinion addressed the topic of hand-drawn technical drawings - which perhaps leads us to infer that when it comes to technical drawings, the computer has well and truly won. The debate of "hand drawing vs computers" is misleading; in fact both computer software and hand drawing techniques should be considered as large collections of distinct tools:.
I'm surprised that after all these years that hand-drawing vs computer is still being discussed. Not because I'm for one and against the other, but that by now we should all know that the computer is not just one monolithic tool that does one thing, but a platform on which a diverse inventory of tools are available.
Drawing with Processing is almost more different from drawing with CAD than it is from sketching on a moleskin. In fact, one could argue similarly that different methods of hand-drawings could be considered distinct tools as well - one would smear pastel or splash watercolor on a sketchbook to capture an incipient thought, but it is inconceivable to do the same on a set of construction drawings.
One should choose the right tool for the right tasks. It is silly to use Bently AecoSim to capture an idea floating in the air, as it is silly to technical-draft a typical bracket detail for an exhaust air duct on a set of construction drawings. It's circumstantial. To frame the question as hand-drawing vs computer as if it is one tool against the other and not, say, the pros and cons of the use of millions of tools available, is wrong to start with.
Even in the most computer-focused areas of architecture, sketches can be a useful starting point for ideas:. I'm the founder and creative director of a CGI company specialized in architecture visualization, and in every project we're involved in we always start by hand drawing sketches.
Because that's the early stage and we're developing alternatives with our clients to explore which one works best. And doing it by sketches we're quickly creating different alternatives and identifying the best ones, saving effort, time and costs for us, but principally to our customers.
The importance of drawing in education is different to the importance of drawing in practice:. I think that drawing in an educational setting serves a different purpose than drawing in a working office. To me, the previous is about learning to see. First year students specifically, tend to "see" a building very simply; however, once they have to reproduce what they see by hand, they start to understand the intricacies a building and its parts. They see the depth of a three-wythe masonry wall, the "lines" of the window frame, or a soldier-course reveal that provides depth and shadow.
Sketching and drawing in the first year along with building physical models provide so many "ah-ha" moments, that it should be mandatory. For me, sketching in the office is used when I run into the limitations of the software or my perceived limitations of it. I get out the trace when I need to "let a line go for walk. I find that hand drawing is a reliable complimentary tool to my digital modelling.
With all the things that computers can do now, it is easy to get caught up with the ability of whatever tools you are now using. For example, as a student I used to get crazy with double curvature surfaces when I used Rhinoand I get quite boxy when I use Archicad or Revit. At the end of the day, I learned to rely on my own hand drawn sketches first to convey to myself what my idea really is.
That way I know when I make the design in the digital tools, that the idea was my own. Also, this allows me to utilize other digital tools better to suit my need. In retrospect, hand sketching helped me control my digital tools instead of it controlling me. As an architect and illustrator of comic strips I've notice something: drawing software like PhotoshopPainter, SAI were made and improved to give to the user the sensation of drawing on paper, with real brushes.
Those software packages offer more freedom, and with the creation of graphics tablets like the Wacom Cintiq the user gains in precision.Download for iOS and Mac. Download for Mac. A new tool that lets anyone virtually sample, experience and record colors from the world around them.
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The Computer vs The Hand In Architectural Drawing: ArchDaily Readers Respond
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Being nervous before a presentation is totally normal. In order for a presentation to be successful, it has to hit home with the audience. What some people are interested in will completely bore others. Do you know what drives me mad when I attend presentations or lectures? Presenters who write all of their content on the slides, and simply proceed to read the slides to the audience. Where was I? Oh yes, improving your presentation. You are not trying to get your audience to remember every single bit of information on your project.
If they need specific details, they can look them up in the documentation or ask you later. Focus on getting people excited, rather than bombarding them with details:. Here are some tips to make it shine:. One of the best ways to combat your nerves is to be prepared. The better you know your material, the less likely you are to have a total brain freeze. Here are some tips for practicing your presentation:. If you always feel awkward in a suit and tie, wear something else.
You can still look professional and feel comfortable at the same time. Avoid lecterns and other props that discourage movement. No one likes watching a statue talk. Wave your hands, stamp your feet, move around the room.Articles on sports officiating service salary
This comes naturally to some people, and others have to work on it. Watch videos of speakers you admire on youtube and watch what they do.
Vary your delivery techniques.
A lot of speakers like to ask the audience questions, and use these questions as a jumping-off point to talk about concepts. Did you talk too fast? Did you make eye-contact? Were your slides easy to understand? If possible, gather feedback from others.Our profession is all about presentations. It all started at university in the architecture studio, a whole semester had to be condensed into a minute precise presentation in order to get the crits to understand your project, and it continued into professional life as the main tool to communicate with your co-workers, clients, a jury or with other architects in a lecture.
For example, a presentation to a client compared to a presentation for a group of architects is very different, even if the project you need to communicate is the same. I think that this is the most crucial part no matter what you need to communicate.
In order to deliver your message you need to present it according to whom you want to understand it. There are several terms and concepts that we as architects can easily understand, but that our clients or a general audience might not understand at first. Often we even invent or misuse words, misleading our audience. Program, urban fabric, etc. The same as we do with our projects, a presentation should be simple. We should strip out anything that is unnecessary.
Think of it as a Mies building on which everything is there for a reason and nothing can be removed. This is often the most difficult part, as we have to reduce it to its essentials.
As an exercise Garr suggest that you outline the three things you want your audience to remember from your presentation. Related to the previous point and also to the 1st. You start with the foundation, follow with the structure, then move on to the skin and the interiors. This is a crystal clear process that you already know. Do the same for your presentation.
It also makes your audience follow you and focus on the presentation. When I have to make a long presentation I always start with an index, and as we move forward I keep reminding the audience where we are in the presentation, therefore they can follow along, stay focused, and recall what comes next. Say the speaker before you exceeded on their time, or the client was late and is short on time. You always need to have a short version of the presentation, or at least know which parts you can skip in order to make it on time.
Regarding the previous point, it reminded me of Frank Lloyd Wright drafting the Fallingwater House only 2 hours before his meeting with Kaufmann, all that in one sitting at his drafting table.
As you can see, this story was appealing to you as an architect, and you immediately understood my point. Stories can connect you with your audience, and engage them. You can think about your project as a story, and develop the whole presentation as if you are the story teller.
Just keep in mind the previous points, as an irrelevant story can do more harm than help. If you are nervous, your audience will notice it, and will focus on that instead of your project.Whether you're running a person firm or just starting out as a solopreneur, using the best interior design software will go a long way toward helping you achieve success. Solid design software will help you not only put together spectacular creative work, but also run your business smoothly behind the scenes.
That means project management, financial organization, and productivity-boosting programs that will help you get your work done on time and on budget. From CAD tools to client management apps, here are 18 of the best interior design software programs to use now. AutoCAD LT is one of the most popular software applications used by interior designers, architects, engineers, construction professionals, and more. This reliable software allows professionals to design, draft, and document precise drawings with 2D geometry.
A comprehensive suite of editing and annotation tools and an intuitive user interface are what make this a top designer pick. An integrated AutoCAD web application with a simplified interface—and no software installation required—lets you work on sketches online from almost any computer.
With the mobile app, users can view, edit, annotate, and create drawings anytime, even offline, on a smartphone or tablet. AutoCAD LT is compatible with both Mac and Windows operating systems, and the most recent version also offers cloud connectivity, an updated measurements functionality, and faster performance time.
With SketchUp Pro 's modeling suite, design professionals will find fast, easy 3D modeling for anything from passive buildings to contemporary furnishings.
Create detailed scaled drawings in 2D, then add custom styles and materials that will bring your vision to the screen. SketchUp integrates with virtual reality applications including Microsoft HoloLens, HTC Vive, and Oculusso you can walk clients through projects in astounding detail. In addition to its classic desktop software, SketchUp also offers a web tool and unlimited cloud storage, so you can easily store, collaborate, and share work. The software also enables designers to measure building data and analyze anticipated energy use, daylighting, occupant thermal comfort, and HVAC, so you can accurately determine performance and hit post-occupancy goals.
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A free version of the software offers a lighter-weight web-based option. The architectural design suite includes parametric architectural objects, sections, and elevations, with increased functionality to both the architectural and mechanical areas of the program.
TurboCAD prides itself on its photorealistic surface modeling and lighting that allow one to create powerful presentations, and those designing with sheet metal or wood may particularly enjoy these materials-specific tools.
Internal and external database connectivity, along with file-sharing options including support for files from Autodesk, SketchUp, and othersmean your team can integrate and collaborate at a high level with ease. Ready to take full artistic control of your renderings?
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